As an Internet user, you would definitely agree that there is nothing more annoying than a website taking ages to load. Since Internet is being used widely throughout the world, server needs to plan a responsible role so that people can have an easy access to the websites. At times, you can say during peak times some servers do give and the required bandwidth limit fails to load a website. There can be various reasons behind a server crash and each reason can have a different possibility and with every possibility you need to come up with a desired solution to get the server issue resolved. However, so many issues, possibilities and solutions can end up developers a lot confused.
You need to understand that your website’s performance depends on how you control things. The major reason behind the problems can be configuration of host server. As said earlier, the reasons behind your website downtime can be many. For instance, if your website is running on a shared server, it is natural for your website to go slow because of the other websites running on the same server. In this article we will discuss a few tips to reduce server load and save bandwidth. However, you need to keep in mind that these tips might not be applicable on all of the websites but if they do not work on one of your websites does not mean they won’t work on any. The following techniques can help you a lot in getting the desired results.
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1. Image Optimization
As mentioned earlier, half of your bandwidth is consumed by the images used on your websites and optimizing those images can help you a lot in reducing your issues with the server load. Not only optimizing is necessary, you need to resize them as well in order to shrink the size of the images. .bmp are the most heavy files so avoid using them completely on your website. For your website the first preference for your website should be either .JPG or .GIF files as these are optimized for Internet already.
Also, do take a look at the KBs of your pictures and if you really want to get rid of server issues, no image should be larger than 10Kbs. If your website contains animated pictures, you might find it difficult to adjust within 10 KB but if you can, you will for sure see remarkable differences. If you are thinking on how to convert these pictures, you do not have to think a lot as numerous software are available online for resizing of pictures.
2. Replacing Images with CSS
Heavy images are one of the reasons behind making your website slow since they consume a lot of bandwidth. So while designing a website you need to think intelligently and act wisely. One of the things that can help you a lot in reducing server load is making correct decisions when it comes to using images. You can use CSS code instead of having a proper background image. CSS code can help you a lot with images and you would not have to use have images in order to fill your website’s background.
3. Using Shorthand CSS Properties
The reason why CSS files are considered to be heavy is that they are pretty big with a lot of spaces. CSS shorthand properties are a great option if you really want to have mercy on your server and save it from the load it is carrying. With the help of CSS shorthand you can reduce the amount of code contained in any CSS document and it will eventually help you in reducing the server load.
4. Invaliding File Hotlinks
Hot linking term is something which you need to understand carefully. It is basically linking images from one site to another which means if someone is linking your website’s pictures on his website; he is using your bandwidth eventually. So you are paying for yourself and for someone else too. You can simply stop this by disabling file hotlinks. This won’t let anyone steal your images.
5. Taking out Unnecessary HTML Code, Tags And White Spaces
Well, the most important thing here to do is compressing the size of your page and this can simple be done by removing extra spaces in your HTML document because even a single space can mean extra page size. If you know about HTML, you must be aware of the fact that it contains a lot of unnecessary spaces which can be removed so you need to get rid of them. These spaces will make your pages bigger without any specific reason and this will increase the load and will waste bandwidth. You can simply use wordoff tool to remove unnecessary spacers.
7. Using GZip to Compress HTML and PHP
As said earlier, CSS and HTML can consist of a lot of spaces and breaks which are not really required and they take a lot of bandwidth so you need to compress your HTML and PHP with GZip. Also, make sure that browser understands the compressed content because it will get activated on server only if the compression on the server is activated.
8. Hosting Files with Free Images/File Webhosting
At times, it is important to share heavy files but these files can take a lot of your bandwidth so easy way to share these files is through host the file on free or paid image/file hosting websites such as Flickr, Pikasa, PhotoBucket, ImageShack. You can later on place the download link on your website. However you need to make sure that your service provider allows you to do that. If yes, you can save a lot of bandwidth.
9. Avoiding Attachments As Much As Possible
It is better to give the links on your website instead of sharing actual files on your website. If you will host a copy of the file on your website it will increase the load on your server and will also use a lot of your bandwidth. Apart from saving your bandwidth and your server from the load, it will also save your time of uploading file.
10. Using Cache RSS Feeds
RSS is an easy way to distribute and publish syndicated content on the Internet. Usage of cache RSS feeds will definitely reduce the usage of bandwidth.
11. Applying Website Caching
Website caching is a great way to retrieve data from storage. In this way you will not have to generate the information all over again if you need it. Enabling website caching on your website will allow the end users to read from your servers once and for the rest of time the backup will be used until its expiration date.
A true call-to-action website is the one that loads quickly. If you really want your website to be a success with huge traffic, you need to spend a lot of time on optimizing of your website. As you can see from the above mentioned tips, a few changes here and there can cut down on server load and save bandwidth.